G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 ablation in cardiac myocytes before or after myocardial infarction prevents heart failure.
Raake PW, Vinge LE, Gao E, Boucher M, Rengo G, Chen X, DeGeorge BR Jr, Matkovich S, Houser SR, Most P, Eckhart AD, Dorn GW 2nd, Koch WJ
Myocardial G protein-coupled receptor kinase (GRK)2 is a critical regulator of cardiac beta-adrenergic receptor (betaAR) signaling and cardiac function. Its upregulation in heart failure may further depress cardiac function and contribute to mortality in this syndrome. Preventing GRK2 translocation to activated betaAR with a GRK2-derived peptide that binds G(beta)gamma (betaARKct) has benefited some models of heart failure, but the precise mechanism is uncertain, because GRK2 is still present and betaARKct has other potential effects. We generated mice in which cardiac myocyte GRK2 expression was normal during embryonic development but was ablated after birth (alphaMHC-Cre x GRK2 fl/fl) or only after administration of tamoxifen (alphaMHC-MerCreMer x GRK2 fl/fl) and examined the consequences of GRK2 ablation before and after surgical coronary artery ligation on cardiac adaptation after myocardial infarction. Absence of GRK2 before coronary artery ligation prevented maladaptive postinfarction remodeling and preserved betaAR responsiveness. Strikingly, GRK2 ablation initiated 10 days after infarction increased survival, enhanced cardiac contractile performance, and halted ventricular remodeling. These results demonstrate a specific causal role for GRK2 in postinfarction cardiac remodeling and heart failure and support therapeutic approaches of targeting GRK2 or restoring betaAR signaling by other means to improve outcomes in heart failure.